The most commonly used French verbs and their conjugation (2023)

The three words that make most French students tremble:"French Verb Conjugation".We understand.

French is not exactly known for its easy grammar andFrench verb conjugation rulesit can cause headaches for even the most experienced language learner. To help you, we created aFrench Verb Conjugation List, complete with examples and additional grammar tips. We focus on the most common French verbs and their conjugations in four tenses:here(gift),perfect weather(perfect gift),imperfect(imperfect) andsimple future(future).

When you get the hang of it and equip yourself with something basic vocabulary in french, no one will stop you!

Conjugation table for common French verbs

Conjugating verbs correctly is essential for successful communication. Even if you are a professional in french question words, nouns, and pronouns, it's hard to express yourself with confidence if you're not confident in yourFrench verb conjugations.

To prepare you, here are the 20 most commonFrench verb conjugations, examples of everyday use and grammar tips.

1.To be(to be)

Present (Present)Past Perfect (Present Perfect)imperfect (imperfect)Future Simple (Future)
I amI have beenI wasI'll be
You areYou wereYou wereYou will be
he / she ishe/she washe/she washe/she will be
We areWe have beenwe werewe will be
You areyou wereYou wereYou will be
they areThey have beenthey werewill be


Ilsthey arein front of the museum. (They are in front of the museum).

grammar tip:

“Être” is one of the two most important French verbs to learn when you arelearning french.French verb conjugation rules(next to "avoir" - to have). “Être” has irregular conjugations in almost all tenses. It also serves as an auxiliary verb in various French compound tenses and moods (for example, passé composé).

For example. EITHERLestepart late. (He left late.)

2. have (ter)

Present (Present)Past Perfect (Present Perfect)imperfect (imperfect)Future Simple (Future)
I haveI've hadI hadI will have
You haveyou and IYou hadyou will have
he/she hashe/she hadhe/she hadhe/she will have
We havewe hadwe hadWe will have
You haveYou hadYou hadyou will have
They haveThey hadThey hadThey will have


Uswe haddeux hier meetings (We had two meetings yesterday.)

grammar tip:

Like “être”, “avoir” is an essential French verb and has irregular conjugations. for the vast majorityFrench verb conjugation, “avoir” serves as an auxiliary verb in compound tenses and moods.

For example. ilsontdejav.c.the movie. (You've already seen the movie.)

3. Aller (to take away)

Present (Present)Past Perfect (Present Perfect)imperfect (imperfect)Future Simple (Future)
I'm comingI amSala)othersI'm coming
You goYou areSala)you were going toYou'll go
he/she goeshe / she isSala)He sheother ahe/she will
IbanWe arelostUsibanwe will go
You goYOUhe wasYOUyYou'll go
They gothey arelostthey theyibanThey will go


Ilsibanau parc tous les jours. (They went to the park every day.)

grammar tip:

Verbs whose auxiliary verb is"to be"must show agreement of its past participles in gender (masculine or feminine—add e) and number (singular or plural—add s).

For example.

  • masculine subject →I amy.
  • female subject →I amSala.
  • Masculine plural → Theylost.
  • plural feminine → arerunners.

For a mixed group, always use the masculine form.

For example.

  • Thomas y Katherinewent back. (Thomas and Catherine returned.)

The most commonly used French verbs and their conjugation (1)

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4. Parler (talk/chat)

Present (Present)Past Perfect (Present Perfect)imperfect (imperfect)Future Simple (Future)
I am talkingI spokeI was talkingI'll talk
You speakYou spokeyou were talkingyou are going to talk
he/she speakshe/she spokehe/she spokehe/she will speak
Talk laterTalk laterWe are talkingTalk later
You speakYou spokeyou were talkingyou are going to talk
They speakThey saidThey saidthey will talk


tutalkalthough l'espagnol! (You speak Spanish so well!)

grammar tip:

"Parler" conforms to the normal pattern of French verbs ending in -er, making it a 'regular' -er verb.

5. Faire (to do)

Present (Present)Past Perfect (Present Perfect)imperfect (imperfect)Future Simple (Future)
I doI didI didI'm going to do
You doYou did itYou did ityou are going to do
he/she doeshe/she didhe/she was doinghe/she will do
We dowe finishedwhat we were doingWe will do
You doYou did itYou were doingyou are going to do
They doThey didThey were doingThey will


Ydothe birthday cake (I am making the cake for his birthday.)

Observation:Unlike English, where the present tense has three different forms (the simple present, the present progressive, and the emphatic present), there is only one present tense in French.The present tense in FrenchIt is used to express both a momentary action and a progressive action. So, “hehdole gâteau” can be translated as “I make the cake”, “I am making the cake” and “I make the cake”.

grammar tip:

"Faire" is found in many French idioms and is the key to the causative construction ("faire" + infinitive).

For example.

  • UEdofrio (It's cold.) *Note that in expressions about the weather, “faire” becomes equivalent to “to be”.
  • Usdodu ballet. (We do ballet.)
  • elledosavings for a trip to Japan. (He is saving for a trip to Japan.)
  • The raindoPousser l'herbe plus vite. (Rain makes the grass grow faster.) *causal construction

6. take (take)

Present (Present)Past Perfect (Present Perfect)imperfect (imperfect)Future Simple (Future)
I grabI tookI tookI'll take
You takeyou hitYou were drinkingyou will take
he/she takeshe/she tookhe/she was drinkinghe/she will take
We takehavewe were drinkingwe will take
You takeyou hityou hityou will take
they takethey tookthey were drinkingwill take


They havetakensix bags by accident! (Her luggage was taken by accident!)

grammar tip:

Like “avoir” and “faire”, the verb “prendre” is one of the most used and appears in the most diverse idiomatic expressions in French.

For example.

  • To takedu poids (gain weight)
  • To takeson temps (to take your time)
  • To takegarde (take care/be careful)

7. Want (Want)

Present (Present)Past Perfect (Present Perfect)imperfect (imperfect)Future Simple (Future)
I wantI wantedI wantedI will want
WantYou wantYou wantYou are going to want
he/she wantshe/she wantedhe/she wantedhe/she will want
We wantwe wantedwe wantedwe want
WantYou wantYou wantYou are going to want
They wantthey wantedthey wantedthey are going to want


To wantDo you have a salad with your meal? (Do you want a salad with your meal?)

grammar tip:

"Vouloir" can be used to express a will or wish, or to politely request something. It can also be used to give strong orders or willingly accept something, among other uses.

  • Desire:Yto wantbecome an astronaut! (I want to be an astronaut!)
  • polite request:To want-will you put up with this? (Could you hold this for me?)
  • strong command:Yto wantfinish your homework before you leave. (I want you to finish your homework before you leave.)

8. Savor (know)

Present (Present)Past Perfect (Present Perfect)imperfect (imperfect)Future Simple (Future)
I knowI knewI knewI will know
You knowyou knewyou knewyou will know
he/she knowshe/she knewhe/she knewhe/she will know
We knowwe knewwe knewwe will know
You knowyou knewyou knewyou will know
They knowThey knewThey knewThey will know


Usyou knewwhich cell phone arrives (We knew this would happen.)

grammar tip:

“Savoir” is an irregular French verb in -ir, like open, have, have, rain, can, receive, hold, come, see, or want.

9. Power (to be able to)

Present (Present)Past Perfect (Present Perfect)imperfect (imperfect)Future Simple (Future)
I cancouldcouldI will be available
Canyou were ableYou couldyou will be able to
he/she canhe/she was ablehe/she couldhe/she can
we canwe couldwe couldwe will be able to
CanYou can haveYou couldyou will be able to
They canthey couldThey couldthey will be able


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He canCould you make dinner tonight? (Can you make dinner tonight?)

grammar tip:

"Pouvoir" is often used to express courtesy in French.

For example.

I'm so sorry but nohe canpas vous aider aveça. (Sorry, I can't help you with that.)

10. To come (for vir)

Present (Present)Past Perfect (Present Perfect)imperfect (imperfect)Future Simple (Future)
I'm comingVine)VineI'll come
you comeYou came)you comeyou will come
he/she comeshe/she camehe/she camehe/she will come
we camewe cameWe camewe will go
You comeYou cameYou cameyou will come
They comeThey camethey were comingThey will come


tuonedomain? (Come tomorrow?)

grammar tip:

Like "aller", "venir" is conjugated with être.

“Come from” means “vir de”.

Ycomes fromMoscow. (I come from Moscow.)

If "come from" is followed by a verb, it means "to have just."

For example.

ellefairfinish son devoir. (She just finished her work.)

11. Terrible (say/say)

Present (Present)Past Perfect (Present Perfect)imperfect (imperfect)Future Simple (Future)
I sayI saidI was sayingI'm going to say
You sayYou sayyou were sayingYou say
he/she sayshe/she saidhe/she saidhe/she will say
We sayWe toldWe saywe will say
You sayYou sayYou sayyou will say
They sayThey saidThey saidthey'll say


UEsaywe were all getting married. (He told everyone that we were getting married.)

grammar tip:

Most French irregular verbs can be arranged into five patterns, but "terror" doesn't fit any of them. This means that you must learn their conjugation by heart.

12. Give (to give)

Present (Present)Past Perfect (Present Perfect)imperfect (imperfect)Future Simple (Future)
I giveFromFromI will give
You giveyou gaveyou gaveyou next
he/she giveshe/she gavehe/she gavehe/she will give
we giveWe gaveWe gavewe will give
are you givingyou gaveyou gaveyou next
They giveThey gaveThey gavethey will give


No, she does notaNogivensixes free. (No, she didn't give him her books).

grammar tip:

"Donner" is also used in many idioms.

For example.

  • Lead by example(to give an example)
  • tell someone the time(to tell someone the time)
  • give a party(give a party)

13. Think (think)

Present (Present)Past Perfect (Present Perfect)imperfect (imperfect)Future Simple (Future)
I thinkI thoughtI thoughtI'm going to think
You thinkThoughtThoughtyou will think
he/she thinkshe/she thoughthe/she thoughthe/she will think
We thinkWe thinkWe thinkLet's think
You thinkThoughtThoughtyou will think
They thinkThey thinkThey thinkthey will think


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they therewill thinklater. (They'll think about it later.)

grammar tip:

  • “Penser à” means “to think about” as “to have someone in mind”:

tuImagineelle, n'est-ce pas? (You're thinking of her, aren't you?)

  • Imaginemeans “to think about” in the sense of “to have an opinion about”:

Thatthink- YOUofWhat hotel? (What do you think of this hotel?)

14. Auxiliary (to help)

Present (Present)Past Perfect (Present Perfect)imperfect (imperfect)Future Simple (Future)
I helpI helpedI helpedi will help you
You helpyou helpedyou were helpingyou will help
he/she helpshe/she helpedhe/she was helpinghe/she will help
We helpWe helpwe were helpingwe will help
You helpyou helpedyou were helpingyou will help
They helpThey helpedthey were helpingthey are going to help


Ellahelp toà démenager. (She will help them move out of the apartment.)

grammar tip:

“Aider” is a first group verb, so it follows the regular conjugation pattern for first group verbs ending in -er:

First remove the -er from the end of the infinitive form of the verb (aidbecomesaid). Then add the appropriate endings (for example, in the present tense is: e, es, e, ons, ez, ent).

15. Aimer (I like/love it)

Present (Present)Past Perfect (Present Perfect)imperfect (imperfect)Future Simple (Future)
I likeI lovedI likedI would like
Do you like itYou like meYou like meYou will like
he/she likeshe liked ithe liked ityou will like it
We like?We like?We like?We would like
Do you like ityou lovedYou like meYou will like
They loveThey like meThey like methey will like it


Ilsamadoplaying together when they were kids. (They loved to play together as children.)

grammar tip:

you can useliketo express that you love, or that you like someone or something.

16. Must (have to, need to)

Present (Present)Past Perfect (Present Perfect)imperfect (imperfect)Future Simple (Future)
I have toI needed itI needed itI should
you mustyou had toyou had toYou will have to
he/she musthe/she had tohe/she had tohe/she will have to
MustWe had towe hadWe should
You have toyou have anyyou had toYou must
They shouldthey had tothey had tothey will have to


YOUhe mustboire plus d'eau. (You need to drink more water.)

grammar tip:

It is easy to confuse "devoir" with "falloir", which also implies an obligation or necessity. Devoir indicates something that a person is obliged to do, while falloir expresses something that must be done. Don't worry if you're confused, this is a hard difference to understand!

For example.

  • Yof thetell him that I can't lie! (I have to tell you that. I can't lie!)
  • UEneedsthat left me I'll be late ! (I have to go. I'll be late!)

17. Dwell (Live)

Present (Present)Past Perfect (Present Perfect)imperfect (imperfect)Future Simple (Future)
VivoI livedI livedI'm going to live
You liveyou livedyou livedYou will live
he/she liveshe/she livedhe/she livedhe/she will live
we livewe livewe livewe will live
You liveyou livedyou livedYou will live
They livethey have been livingThey livedthey will live


ellego to livein Germany next year. (She will live in Germany next year).

grammar tip:

"Habiter" is often followed by a preposition (like à, en, aux, etc.), but it doesn't technically require one.

For example, we can both say:


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J'reside ForLondon.

However, today it is much more common to put a preposition after the verb "habiter" than not to.

18. Watch (mirar, observe)

Present (Present)Past Perfect (Present Perfect)imperfect (imperfect)Future Simple (Future)
MiroObservedwas lookingI'll look
You seemyou visitMirasteyou go look
he/she lookshe/she lookedhe/she was watchinghe/she will attend
We sawwe attendwe were lookinglet's look
you lookyou liveyou were watchingyou go look
anotherThey lookedthey were watchingthey will look


their countriesThey were watchingTV every night when we weren't there. (Her parents of hers watched TV every night when we went out.)

grammar tip:

The French verb "regarder" is active (observe, look), while "voir" is more passive (see, see, witness). We use "regard" when there is an intention behind the action and "voir" when we are just noticing or witnessing what is around us.

Here's an example to illustrate the difference between the two:

In the last week Ivistathe birds of the forest (Last week I watched the birds in the forest).

Meaning:Last week I intentionally observed the birds in the forest.

In the last week I'have seenmany birds in the forest. (Last week I saw many birds in the forest.)

Meaning:Last week when I was in the forest, I saw a lot of birds. I didn't focus on them, I didn't mean to see them, I just realized they were there.

19. User (to use)

Present (Present)Past Perfect (Present Perfect)imperfect (imperfect)Future Simple (Future)
I useyo useI was usingwill wear
You useYou used toYou used toyou will use
he/she wearshe/she usedhe/she usedhe/she will use
we are usingWe useWe usewe are going to use
You useYou used toyou were usingyou will use
They usethey usedthey usedthey will use


you alreadyusedcet order? (Have you used this computer before?)

grammar tip:

“Utiliser” is a regular -er verb. It uses the same infinitive endings as most French verbs (eg "aimer", "aider", "parler").

20. Essay (to test)

Present (Present)Past Perfect (Present Perfect)imperfect (imperfect)Future Simple (Future)
attempt / attemptI triedI was tryingI will try / I will try
you try/tryYou triedyou were tryingare you going to try/

go try

he/she trieshe/she triedhe/she was tryinghe/she will try

go try

We are tryingwe temptwe were tryingWe'll try/

go try

tryYou triedyou were tryingare you going to try/

go try

are tryingThey triedthey were tryingthey will try/

go try


They havetriedto go to Panama, but the flight was full. (They tried to fly to Panama, but the flight was full.)

Grammar tip:

Typically, with French verbs ending in -yer, such as "nettoyer" (to clean), the -y changes to -i before -e, -es, and -ent. However, with the verb "essayer", the -y can, but does not have to, become -i. So j'essaye and j'essaie, for example, are correct. This is also the case for some other -ayer verbs, such as "payer".

Let's start matching!

French verb conjugation rulesit can easily discourage even the most committed learner.

But you just took an important step! With thatFrench Verb Conjugation List,Are you ready to startspeak french.

to find any otherFrench verb conjugations, To check reverse conjugation.

to memorizeFrench verb conjugations, the popular French-learning Youtuber behind MyFrenchStory recommends saying the conjugations out loud and spelling out the endings, which is how French kids learn conjugations in school. Canknow butabout this technique and MyFrenchStory here.

Finally, to practice what you have learned and use French verbs in real life contexts,book a private lesson with a French teacherand take your French to the next level.

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